The Pharsale is a 3166 verse reworking of the Faits des Romains, itself a reworking of Lucan’s Pharsalia, dedicated to the Este court at Ferrara. Unlike the Entree d’Espagne or the Prise, which are both continuations of Old French epic, the Pharsale is essentially a short summary of the Fait. Although the copy doesn’t appear to have circulated much beyond the Este court, historians of Franco-Italian literature frequently cite its dedication, which states: “…for I know of no one in Paris or in the Valois, who does not say that these verses are made in good French.”


Geneva, Bibliothèque publique et universitaire, français, 81, f. 55-72


Die Pharsale des Nicolaus von Verona, ed. Hermann Wahle (Marburg: Elwert, 1888).

Secondary Literature

Holtus, Gunter. Lexikalische Untersuchungen zur Interferenz: die franko-italienische Entrée d’Espagne. Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für romanische Philologie, 170. Berlin: De Gruyter, 1979.

See also Arlima.